Monday, July 27, 2020
Answe The Q Example Answe The Q â" Assignment Example > @2010 GENERALProvide detailed description (with illustrations) of the Moderators of market orientation, and discuss their link to âstrategic marketing managementâ and âorganizational performanceâMarket orientation is basically a companyâs philosophy which is aimed at identifying and meeting the needs of its clients, through a well planned product mix. One moderator of market orientation is competitive environment. A competitive environment provides a consumers with many options and alternatives from where he or she can buy from, hence the need for the manufacturer or supplier to find a way to ensure full satisfaction of the customer, so that the customer will identify the company or manufacturer as the producer of choice. A competitive environment determines various activities and precautions to take while carrying out market orientation. Market turbulence also greatly influences how an organization will come up with a marketing orientation. Some trends in certain market s make it a bit hard to predict what will be happening next, and thus it is extremely difficult to come up with policies which will last for along time. For example, when demand of a product rises sharply and falls within a short period of time, and this happens repeatedly over a period of time, it is difficult to come up with fixed prices due to these price fluctuations. On the other hand, a producer can not bank very much on a product which can easily find a complete substitute from another competitor. The producer should therefore thoroughly study the existing market trends before coming up with a market orientation (Kim and Ye 2004). Some products are subject to technological advancement and change. Whenever a corporationâs main product line consists of items which we can term as bleeding technology, there is always a possibility that the item will be in the market for quite some time. However, many products tend to be easily overtaken by newer technology and so there is a n eed for a firm to keep carrying out inventions and innovations in order to stay abreast of technological advancements. Technological turbulence therefore affects market orientation to a great extent. These moderators of market orientation determine how an organization defines its business, missions and goals because they determine how marketing concepts will be implemented. They determine the product mix and the pricing, target market and how a company is going to meet the satisfaction of the consumer. This means that when coming up with a strategic marketing policy, these moderators will determine the necessary plans that a company will take. Since they affect the nature of production which is carried out by the organization, they affect the output from the organization and therefore when coming up with an organizational performance policy, they will greatly be featured. (B) CASE STUDYHow would you describe Samsungs marketing strategy within the Canadian Consumer Electronic Market in terms of their segmentation, targeting and positioning within this sector? In terms of segmentations and targeting, Samsung went ahead to come up with four different homogenous groups, which are the high income families, the young generation, business users and the hobbyists. These four segments enabled Samsung to narrow down to the needs of each specific group and produce and market appropriately and at affordable prices. The corporation has put great efforts to maintain a product mix that meets the needs and preferences of each of these groups. Each of these groups not only has a different purchasing power, but responds uniquely to a marketing mix and is substantial enough to be profitable. This was a perfect approach considering the diversity in the Canadian market.
Friday, May 22, 2020
Literature Analysis Part 1 Throughout the history Fiction has been used by many writers to emphasize on environment and the importance it has in our lives. A White Heron, is a great example of how an article can effectively grip the attention of the reader and delivering a vital message at the same time. On the other hand fact based articles are based on truth, research and years of hard work but unfortunately most of the time they fail to capture the common reader proving interesting to only subject area experts or environmentalists. A White Heron written in 1886 is about a girl who comes to her grandmothers house in the country side she falls in love with the nature and after some time adjusts in the new surroundings. Being familiarized with the surroundings, a hunter offers her a considerable reward for finding a Heron for his personal collection. Being human she agrees to find the bird and accompanies the hunter but fails to find the heron. Later on she goes alone and finds the birds nest by climbing on the tallest tree, this in turn reignites her love and passion for the nature and the thought of helping the hunter and killing of the Heron becomes cynical. She keeps it a secret and Hunter goes back without his prize. (Jewett, 2009) On the other hand Reducing, harmful, drilling and mining is an article that emphasizes on the use of coal in fulfilling our energy needs and the impact coal drilling and mining has on the environment of the surrounding areas. ItShow MoreRelatedMy Psychoanalytic Views of Two Short Stories1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestheories seemed very radical, when put into life situations they actually make perfect sense. Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism refers to literary criticism or literary theory which, in method, concept, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis begun by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytic literary criticism is a very common method of analyzing stories such as The White Heron by Sarah Orne Jewett, Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne and The Masque of the Red Death by Edgar AllenRead MoreCritical Analysis of White Heron Essay1447 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCritical Analysis of White Heron The White Heron is a spiritual story portraying great refinement and concerns with higher things in life. A 9 year old girl once isolated in the city found fulfillment in a farm surrounded by nature. Too those less unfortunate, money charm and other attractions can be intoxicated; Sylvia did not bite. She could have helped her situation and found a way to wealth but in the end she realized that it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help her to be the person she wanted to be. This paperRead MoreSummary Of Literary Regionalism By Sarah Orne Jewett743 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesstyle. Without delving into deeper analysis, there are two distinctive themes that are easily recognizable in the vast majority of JewettÃ¢â¬â¢s anthology of works. Jewett was born and grew up in South Berwick, a small rural town in southern Maine. Many, if not most of Jewetts works are set in locations similar to, or within South Berwick. This practice of setting written works in specific geographic locations relevant to the writers experience is known as literary regionalism. Because of this themesRead More The Key Elements of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Essay1853 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMan provides an introspective exploration of an Irish Catholic upbringing. To provide the reader with a proper interpretation, Joyce permeates the story with vivid imagery and a variety of linguistic devices. This paper will provide an in-depth of analysis of the work by examining its key elements. The central theme of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is Stephen Dedalus alienation and separation from his trinity of family, country and religion. Stephens separation from his family is evidentRead MoreSymbolism and Allegory in Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown Essay2297 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesextend this theological view of Young Goodman Brown, by following the exponents of faith, hope and charity (love) and their opposed vices, we shall find them in a two-fold context: first, Christian revelation and tradition; and second a demonic literary raised up as a defiant travesty of traditional Christianity. Ã Ã Robert P. Ellis sees the story slightly differently. He makes sure as to what his view is by emphasizing that the story reminds him of a Classic American Short Story of theRead MoreAn Analysis of Roddy DoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s Writing Style Essay example3319 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pages An Analysis of Roddy DoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s Writing Style nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Roddy Doyle is an Irish novelist from Dublin, Ireland, who has written several award winning anovels. Through the use of a variety of literary techniques, Doyle has been able to delve into the thoughts and minds of his characters, so that the reader can easily empathize with them. Specifically, through the use of vernacular language, detailed imagery, and stream of consciousness in two of his novels, The Woman Who Walked IntoRead MoreANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words Ã |Ã 116 PagesÃ¯ » ¿TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS The purpose of Text Interpretation and Analysis is a literary and linguistic commentary in which the reader explains what the text reveals under close examination. Any literary work is unique. It is created by the author in accordance with his vision and is permeated with his idea of the world. The readerÃ¢â¬â¢s interpretation is also highly individual and depends to a great extent on his knowledge and personal experience. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why one cannot lay down a fixed Ã¢â¬Å"modelÃ¢â¬ Read MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words Ã |Ã 518 Pagespalatalized consonant. It is not, however, a conclusive argument against the /b/ plus /y/ interpretation, for it can be argued that only the first consonant of a cluster is reduplicated. 3. The palatalized consonant solution draws a parallel with the analysis of kw, gw, etc., as single labialized consonants. But their behaviour is not parallel; thus Ã¡ »â¹kwÃ (to push) has the imperative kwÃ a (and not *kÃ ¹Ã¯â¬ ¨a) and the gerund Ã ²Ã¯â¬ ¤kwÃ ¹Ã¯â¬ ¨kwÃ (and not *Ã ²Ã¯â¬ ¤kÃ ¹Ã¯â¬ ¨kwÃ ). Again, this is not an argument against the cluster interpretation
Friday, May 8, 2020
How Economic Decisions Are Made Penelope Carter ECO 212 April 2, 2012 David Smith How Economic Decisions Are Made If 10 people with 10 different occupations are asked to define economics, one would receive 10 different answers because the concept of economics confuses people. Ã¢â¬Å"Economics is the study of the choices consumers, business managers, and government officials make to attain their goals, given their scarce resources,Ã¢â¬ (Hubbard OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, 2010, p. 4). Oftentimes, people do not realize how many economic decisions they regularly make. People make daily economic decisions by comparing marginal benefits and marginal costs in conjunction with their current economic market system. Marginal Benefit and Marginal Cost I canÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Determining how to produce goods and services can be a situation such as whether General Motors keeps a production plant in the United States in an effort to keep Americans employed or to move production to Mexico to take advantage of reduced labor costs. Ã¢â¬Å"In the United States, who receives the goods and services produced depends largely on how income is distributed. Individuals with the highest income have the ability to buy the most goods and services,Ã¢â¬ (Hubbard OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, 2010, p. 8). Economic Systems When studying economics, one quickly learns there is a market for everything and the market drives the economy. Ã¢â¬Å"A market is a group of buyers and sellers of a good or service and the institution or arrangement by which they come together to trade,Ã¢â¬ (Hubbard OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, 2010, p. 4). In an effort to answer the production questions of what, how, and who, as they relate to goods and services, societies arrange their economies in two primary ways. The first way is the centrally planned economy where the government chooses the distribution method for economic resources; the second way is the market economy where households and firms interacting in markets decide the distribution of economic resources, (Hubbard OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, 2010). The former Soviet Union was the most recognized centrally planned economy; however, Cuba and North KoreaÃ¢â¬â¢s economies also operate in this manner. The UnitedShow MoreRelatedThe Economic Problem Of The Market Economy1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe economic problem faced in the market economy is that there are an unlimited amount of wants with a scarce amount of resources. They only current solution is to make decisions as the desire of satisfying all wants is not possible. Economics is the about the allocation of limited resources in the best possible way in order to satisfy needs (items essential for survival Ã¢â¬â food and shelter) and wants (not necessities, but provide satisfaction and assist achievement of higher standard of living).Read MoreBehavioral Economics Essay598 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIntroduction Behavioral economics studies cognitive, emotional and social factors effects on economic decisions made by an individuals and consequences returns, resource allocation and market prices. It assumes that human beings are rational in the decisions they make. Behavioral economics do not involve assumption. The difference comes in from the notion that the human behavior observation contradicts behavior of people to be perfectly rational. Therefore, the two starts from different points.Read MoreEconomic Decisions Paper685 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesHow People Make Economic Decisions Paper Eco/212 September 28, 2010 Making Economic Decisions Economic decisions made by individuals can affect the economy. The principles of individual decision-making include people being rational, economic incentives, and optimal decisions made at the margin. Trading the three economic systems are market economy, centrally planned economy, and mixed economy. Each contains their own attributes on how they contribute to an economy. The current economicRead MoreThe Theory Of Game Theory1616 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdifferent choices of economics agents which bring forth many different outcomes with the point to the preferences of those agents, where the outcomes in question might have been intended by none of the agents (Ross, 2016). The properties that game theory considers in economic situations include two or more economic actors - that is, two or more firms, individuals, political parties, etc. Each individual economic actor has a set of decisions they can make - what price to charge, how much to save, whetherRead MoreEconomic Theory122 5 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEconomic Theory Economic Theory Jose E Mendoza Allied American University Author Note This paper was prepared for ECN 150, Introduction to Microeconomics, Module 2 Homework Assignment taught by Nikki Follis. Part I After reading the two articles in Modules 1 and 2 related to Economic Theory (first,Ã¢â¬Å"How Did Economists Get It So WrongÃ¢â¬ and second, Ã¢â¬Å"History of Economics PlaygroundÃ¢â¬ ), reconstruct what happenedRead MoreExplain The Nature Of Economics1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEconomics Essay Explain the nature of economics The nature of economics is essentially the study of the economy and how to solve the problems it poses. Economics includes the concepts of the economic problem, scarcity, the need for choice, opportunity costs, future implications of current choice by individuals, businesses and governments and economic factors underlying decision making by individuals, businesses and the government. The nature and study of economics is ultimately about trying toRead MoreMaps Of Bounded Rationality : Psychology For Behavioural Economics960 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPsychology for behavioural economics - Daniel Kahneman 2003 Introduction KahnemanÃ¢â¬â¢s article is an analysis of intuitive thinking and how it guides our decision-making. Although primarily aimed at the field of psychology, it is an interdisciplinary article with applications in economic theorising. Kahneman attempts to differentiate between two systems of thought, one of intuition (system 1) and one of reasoning (system 2), and argues that many judgements and choices are made intuitively, rather thanRead MoreThe Theories Of Economic Economics1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAlthough the mainstream economics is the one taught in school, its assumptions are there to achieve a certain outcome. The heterodox economistÃ¢â¬â¢s assumptions are based on the fact to eliminate extraneous factors. I believe that heterodox economics will start to be considered more in the world of academics and may take the place of the current mainstream economics. The theories of consumption have different viewpoints. Neoclassical consumer theory is the explanation of how consumers allocate incomesRead MoreHow People Make Economic Decisions774 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHow People Make Economic Decisions Brittany Hansen June 2011 Mr. Krupka How People Make Economic Decisions From the time a person starts working to pay bills or buy products they are forced into making decisions that will affect their bank account. There are four different principles that play into the decision-making process. While these decisions will affect marginal benefits and costs, there are incentives for the choice as well. The principles of economics relate to the working of theRead MoreHow People Make Economic Decisions677 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesHow People Make Economic Decisions Paper ECO/212 How People Make Economic Decisions The economic decision an individual, household, or even a firm makes has a major impact on the economy as a whole. These decisions affect the supply of a good or service, the demand of that good or service and ultimately the price of that good or service. This paper will focus on how individual decision making affects an economy, how understanding the marginal benefits from the marginal cost affects economic
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Bih Mancho Proff Vick Art 104 24 September, 2011 Djoser vs. Ziggurat Djoser, the Third Dynasty King gave permission for the earliest known architectural monument in Egypt to be constructed Ã¢â¬Å"The Step PyramidÃ¢â¬ . The Architect behind this great structure was someone whom worked very closely with Djoser in governing Saqqara, His Prime Minister, by name Imhotop. We will write a custom essay sample on Djoser vs Zinggurat or any similar topic only for you Order Now Imhotep is the first architect in history to be identified. In the beginning Imhotep intended to make Djosers tomb a one floor mastaba it was only later on that he made the decision to make it bigger. It was the final structure is what was given the name the Step Pyramid. (Stokstad53) This structure was built as a result of elaborate Egyptian funerary practices to make sure that those who died actually moved on into the afterlife safely and effectively (Stokstad53) The Ziggurat on the other hand was constructed under the rule of King Urnammu of Ur. During his reign the king Urnammu funded a good number of building campaigns. As a result of his sponsorship the well-known Ziggurat was constructed with a concept of imperial authority (pg36). Both structures were quite vast in size and seem to have covered a large area of land. The Ziggurate was constructed with mud brick while that of the Pyramid was constructed with limestone. The Ziggurat had a rectangular base of 205 by 141 feet with 3 sets of stairs which all came together at the entrance gate (Stokstad36). The Pyramid on the other hand is a 92 foot shaft that descended from the original mustaba. Enclosed within the pyramid a descending corridor at the base of the step pyramid provided an entrance from outside to the burial ground (Stokstad53). In my opinion the Nanna Ziggurat is more appeling to the eye than the structure of the Step Pyramid. The Ziggurate was constructed as a dedication to the moon god Nanna, also called Sin (pg36). The Pyramid was equally created with respect to a certain god but it served two purposes. The Step Pyramid signified a stairway to the Sun god Ra but it also served another purpose. It protected the tomb in which the kings mummified body was buried. (Stokstad53). It provided a comfortable home for the Ka of the departed king. So that even after death he would be able to watch over Egypt and make sure the country remained in he good state in which they left it. In my opinion the Step Pyramid has more of a meaningful background story to it than the Ziggurat. It is much more than just a large magnificent monument created to worship a god unlike the Ziggurat, the Pyramid served a purpose on earth as well as in the heavens. I believe if so much time and hard work is put into developing such a marve lous structure at least it should serve some purpose to the people of the land on which it was built not just to praise a god or to signify authority but to preserve the culture and history of the people. How to cite Djoser vs Zinggurat, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Introduction A law regarding labor finds its approval from the state legislature or congress. At the local level, this law is usually termed as an ordinance. Such laws are either based on the chronological facts relating to period passed or according to topic. This paper serves to explain the more on the Clean Air Act enacted and reinforced by the Federal government.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Labour Regulation in The Clean Air Act specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Select one labor statute or regulation at the federal, state or local level, which you find, of interest The Clean Air Act came into being following a legislation passed by the American congress in 1970. This Act was tailored to ensure that all American citizens have breathing air that is pollutant-free. Despite its concern to keep the environment from air pollution effects, this law majorly focused on Public health protection. Several amendment ha ve been passed on this Act, with the first taking effect in 1977 and another which sought to specify new strategies for cleaning up the air and extend deadlines for legal actions in 1990.in the face of all this, the laws original framework and its attached public health objectives have never changed (Lipton, 2006). Describe the objective of the statute or regulation including the number of the particular law or regulation; provide at least one example of how an organization has implemented the statute The clean air Act was passed with the major objective of protecting the American citizens from pollutants that include Ozone (smog), sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide and particulate soot. The state government sought to work out a clean-up strategy that will meet the health standards outlined. In addition, this law sought to empower the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which sets standards regarding new sources of air pollution such as power plants, automobi les and trucks. In this respect, section 109 of Clean Air acts provides that the EPA shall publish National Ambient Quality Standards paying attention on specific pollutants. Here, the health and welfare forms the basis of criterion used to decide on the kind of pollutants to control and the level at which it is regulated. The pollutants considered at that time included sulfur oxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, particulate matter, sulfur oxide and lead. Another section of the act is the 112 section, which directs EPA to set up the limits for the emissions of toxic pollutants. This is more concern as a precaution put in place to mitigate increased mortality or any serious incapacitating illness (Belden, 2001). Hussey Seating Company (Hussey) is an example of a company, which made a deliberate move towards the implementation of the Clean Air act. This implementation served as an effort to improve the working surroundings by cutting down the air emissions from their wood finishing process. In addition, this was a measure adopted in preparation for the imminent Clean Air Act. This company deals in bleacher seating that majorly comprise long, flat and comparatively narrow boards. Initially, polyurethane varnish was used to finish the two coats on both sides. Following a suggestion posed by an employee in 1993, the company decided to undertake a research on the viability of UV cured coating. In 1994, the results of the analysis led to a move that saw the company switch to automated UV coating. Consequently, the emission from the UV covering system became a problem of the past. In the same line, hazardous air pollutant (HAP) and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions were cut down from nearly 50 tons to only 219 pounds yearly.Advertising Looking for essay on labor law? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Secondly, Hussey Company replaced the nitrocellulose solvent-based covering for making wood chair back and arms w ith coating from aqueous polyester. This switch to aqueous Ã¢â¬âbased coating worked to reduce the VOC emission to less than two pounds for every gallon. This is a big contrast to the six pounds in every gallon when using nitrocellulose coating (Air Waste Management Association, 1999). Discuss how an organization should or has measured and monitored for compliance with the statute NAAQS are special air quality standards in America that serve to regulate the air quality. These standards are divided into primary NAAQS, which are set at a level that serves to protect the general public health and secondary NAAQs established to guard the environment. The standards units are in microgram per cubic meter or pert per million over a known time. These standards referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"criteria pollutantsÃ¢â¬ measure the six categories of pollutants. Conclusion Organizations monitor the compliance with the Clean Air Act by analyzing the concentration of the criteria pollutants in the wor king environment. This is compared with the threshold or regulated level for one or more National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). Following this, the area is classified as nonattainment if it is found to exceed certain level.On the other hand, if the levels are lower than those established by NAAQS it is classified as attainment. Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) owns the ambient air monitors, which serve to monitor these levels. These monitors are located in the different states across the country. EPA (Belden, 2001) publishes the analyzed results. References Air Waste Management Association. (1999).EM: Air Waste Management AssociationÃ¢â¬â¢s magazine for environmental. London: The Association. Belden, R. (2001).Clean Air Act. New York, NY: American Bar Association, 2001 Lipton, J. (2006).Clean Air Act: Interpretation. Detroit: Nova Publishers. This essay on Labour Regulation in The Clean Air Act was written and submitted by user Zeke Rowe to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Line Item Veto Definition s The line item veto is a now-defunct law that granted the president absolute authority to reject specific provisions, or lines, of a bill sent to his desk by the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate while allowing other parts of it to become law with his signature. The power of the line item veto would allow a president to kill parts of a bill without having to veto the entire piece of legislation. Many governors have this power, and the president of the United States did, too, before the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the line-item veto unconstitutional. Critics of the line item veto say it granted the president too much power and allowed the powers of the executive branch to bleed into the duties and obligations of the legislative branch of government.Ã This act gives the president the unilateral power to change the text of duly enacted statutes, U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens wrote in 1998. Specifically, the court found that theÃ Line Item Veto Act of 1996 violated the Presentment Clause of the Constitution, which allows a president to either sign or veto a bill in its entirety. The Presentment Clause states, in part, that a billÃ be presented to the president of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it.Ã History of the Line Item Veto U.S. Presidents have frequently asked Congress for line-time veto power. The line item veto was first brought before Congress in 1876, during President Ulysses S. GrantÃ¢â¬â¢s term of office. After repeated requests, Congress passed the Line Item Veto Act of 1996. This is how the law worked before it was struck down by the high court: Congress passed a piece legislation that included taxes or spending appropriations.The president linedÃ out specific items he opposed and then signed the modified bill.The president sentÃ the lined-out items to Congress, which had 30 days to disapprove of the line item veto. This required a simple majority vote in both chambers.If both the Senate and House disapproved, Congress sentÃ a bill of disapproval back to the president. Otherwise, the line item vetoes were implemented as law. Prior to the act, Congress had to approve any presidential move to cancel funds; absent congressional action, the legislation remained intact as passed by Congress.However, the President could then veto the disapproval bill. To override this veto, Congress would have needed a two-thirds majority. Presidential Spending Authority Congress has periodically given the President statutory authority not to spend appropriated funds. Title X of The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 gave the president the power to both delay the expenditure of funds and to cancel funds, or what was called rescission authority. However, to rescind funds, the president needed congressional concurrence within 45 days. However, Congress is not required to vote on these proposals and has ignored most presidential requests to cancel funds. The Line Item Veto Act of 1996 changed that rescission authority. The Line Item Veto Act put the burden on Congress to disapprove a line-out by the presidents pen. A failure to act meant the presidents veto take effect. Under the 1996 act, Congress had 30 days to override a presidential line item veto. Any such congressional resolution of disapproval, however, was subject to a presidential veto. Thus Congress needed a two-thirds majority in each chamber to override the presidential rescission. The act was controversial: it delegated new powers to the president, affected the balance between the legislative and executive branches, and changed the budget process. History of the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 Republican U.S. Sen. Bob Dole of Kansas introduced the initial legislationÃ with 29 cosponsors. There were several related House measures. There were restrictions on presidential power, however. According to the Congressional Research Service conference report, the bill: Amends the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 to authorize the President to cancel in whole any dollar amount of discretionary budget authority, any item of new direct spending, or any limited tax benefit signed into law, if the President: (1) determines that such cancellation will reduce the Federal budget deficit and will not impair essential Government functions or harm the national interest; and (2) notifies the Congress of any such cancellation within five calendar days after enactment of the law providing such amount, item, or benefit. Requires the President, in identifying cancellations, to consider legislative histories and information referenced in law. OnÃ March 17,1996, the Senate voted 69-31 to pass the final version of the bill. The House did so on March 28, 1996, on a voice vote. On April 9, 1996, President Bill Clinton signed the bill into law. Clinton later descried the Supreme Courts strikedown of the law, saying it was a defeat for all Americans. It deprives the president of a valuable tool for eliminating waste in the federal budget and for enlivening the public debate over how to make the best use of public funds. Legal Challenges to the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 The day after the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 passed, a group of U.S. senators challenged the bill in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. U.S. District Judge Harry Jackson, who was appointed to the bench by Republican President Ronald Reagan, declared the law unconstitutional on April 10, 1997. The U.S. Supreme Court, however,Ã ruled the senators did not have standing to sue, tossing their challenge and restoring the line item veto power to the president. Clinton exercised the line item veto authority 82 times. Then the law was challenged in two separate lawsuits filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. A group of lawmakers from the House and Senate maintained their opposition to the law. U.S. District Judge Thomas Hogan, also a Reagan appointee, declared the law unconstitutional in 1998. His ruling was affirmed by the Supreme Court. The Court ruled that the law violated the Presentment Clause (Article I, Section 7, Clauses 2 and 3) of the U.S. Constitution because it gave the president the power to unilaterally amend or repeal parts of statutes that had been passed by Congress. The court ruled that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 violated the process that the U.S. Constitution establishes for how bills originating in Congress become federal law. Similar Measures The Expedited Legislative Line-Item Veto and Rescissions Act of 2011 allows the president to recommend specific line items be cut from legislation. But its up to Congress to agree under this law. If Congress does not enact the proposed rescission within 45 days, the president must make the funds available, according to the Congressional Research Service.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Words Made Using Periodic Table Element Symbols Chemical element symbols are one- and two-letter abbreviations for the element names. They are used to make the periodic table and chemical formulas easier to read. You can combine the symbols to make words. Here isÃ a list of English words made from periodic tableÃ element symbols. There are thousands of words that can be written using these symbols, so experiment to see if you can write your name or fun messages that show your chemistry savvy. Words Made From Element Symbols AcAcIAs AcNe AcTiON AgITaTiON AgNOSTiC AlCoHoLiC AlIMoNY Am AmErICaN AmISH AmPUTaTiON ArGeNTiNa AsPIrIn AtLaNTa AtTeNTiON AuTiSTiC BaNaNa BAlLiSTiC BaPTiSm BArF Be BeArS BeErS BErSErK BODy BONFIRe BUNCH BrUNCH BUTaNe CaN CaNDY CaNNIBAl CHeErS CHINa ClOCK CoOK CoPErNiCuS CuFFLiNKS CuIrAsS CuISiNe CuP CuTeNeSS CYCLiC CYClONe CYNiCs CYSTeINe DYEs DyNAmITe DySFUNCTiONAl FeTiSH FIRe FLaSH FrAcTiOn FrOLiC FrY GeNeSiS HeINOUS HeLiCoPtEr HeReTic HOOK HOOKErS HoSe HYMn HYPErBOLiC I IRaN IReLaNd IrON KNIFe LaDy LaOs LuBrICaTiON LuCIFEr MoCK MoCKEry MoNaCo MoNTaNa MoRe MoTiOn, MoTiON NArC NAtO NeON NePAl NO NON AlCoHoLiC NUN OF OHIO OsMoSiS PaKISTaN PAlEsTiNe PIRaTe PLaY POISON PoLiSH PSYCHIC SCaNdAl ScOTCH SePTic SiCKNeSS SiNGaPoRe SiPHON SNIPEr SOCIOPaTh SPAm SPaN TeAm ThAt TiCK US USe UTaH VAtICaN VIRuS VOICe VOTe WAr WAtEr WAtCH WASH WASP WITh YArN YIKEs YOU YOUTh YUCCa YUCKY YUPPIEs